A regular offering includes daytime talk shows, some of which are characterized by blatant emotional, psychological, and physical abuse by panel guests toward each other. WCW World Champion Wrestling is viewed by a growing number of Americans, many of whom include young children and adolescents who watch along side of their parents. Network news is littered with graphic renderings of murders, kidnappings, traffic accidents, international war scenes, and the like of which violence is the key component. Prime time TV sports a number of shows that promote violence as a sanctioned means for settling conflicts.
The effects of television on child health: Although there have been studies documenting some prosocial and educational benefits from television viewing, 9 10 significant research has shown that there are negative health effects resulting from television exposure in areas such as: To help mitigate these negative health effects, paediatricians need to become familiar with the consequences of television and begin providing anticipatory guidance to their patients and families.
In this review, we will describe the effects of television on children and adolescents. In addition, we will make recommendations for paediatricians and parents to help address this significant issue.
Prosocial and educational benefits Studies from the early s have shown that children imitate prosocial behaviour. These imitated behaviours included altruism, helping, delay of gratification, and high standards of performance when children are exposed to models exhibiting these behaviours.
Friedrich and Stein provided evidence that children learned prosocial content of the television programmes and were able to generalise that learning to a number of real life situations.
With the initiation of Sesame Street, an American educational television programme for children over the age of 3 years, extensive research was performed. A two year longitudinal study assessing the impact of viewingSesame Street on the vocabulary of 3 and 5 year old children showed that viewing predicted significantly improved vocabulary scores on the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test.
Another study done in the early s showed that children in Turkey who viewed the Turkish version of the programme Susam Sokagi, showed substantial pre- to post-test gains in overall knowledge. Violence and aggressive behaviour Young people view over rapes, murders, armed robberies, and assaults every year sitting in front of the television set.
Portrayals of violence are usually glamorised and perpetrators often go unpunished. Another venue in which a significant amount of violence is portrayed is in rock music videos, which are viewed heavily by adolescents.
In a comprehensive content analysis of these music videos, DuRant et al showed that Many studies have documented the role of television in fostering violent behaviours among children.
Each year, children and adolescents view 14 sexual references, innuendoes, and jokes, of which less than will deal with abstinence, birth control, sexually transmitted diseases, or pregnancy. The association between television viewing and food consumption can be explained, in part, by the frequent references to food or the consumption of food that occurs during both commercials and programmes.
Because the characters on television eat or talk about food so frequently, the implicit message may be that it is possible to eat frequently and remain thin. Tobacco and alcohol use and abuse Increasingly, media messages and images, not necessarily direct advertising, are normalising and glamorising the use of tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs.
However, many adults shown to consume alcohol have positive personality characteristics.
Correlational studies have shown a small but positive relation between advertising exposure and consumption. They range from controlling the way children and adolescents view television to more effective office counselling and public health activism.
The American Academy of Pediatrics, through its policy statements has taken a leadership role in making recommendations for both parents and paediatricians.
These premises of media education have been implemented in programmes with documented success.Violence on Television Research Papers explore the effects on children. A research paper on violence on television will explore the relationship of television violence and children.
By demonstrating the relationship of television violence to violent behavior in children, your research may propose that television violence helps to create and. The Psychological Effects of Violent Media on Children. The National Coalition on Television Violence reported there has been a consistent increase in the number of violent themed video games.
and changes in children’s knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors” (Ivory, ). The way television violence is portrayed encourages children to learn aggressive attitudes and behaviors.
For example most violence on television is glamorized by using a good character that is likely to be perceived as role model to initiate violence.
As a result of 15 years of “consistently disturbing” findings about the violent content of children's programs, the Surgeon General's Scientific Advisory Committee on Television and Social Behavior was formed in to assess the impact of violence on the attitudes, values and behavior of viewers.
For decades, anecdotal and scientific research has shown the harmful effects to children of television, movie and video game violence. The four main effects are aggression, desensitization, fear and negative messages (Murray ).
Kids and the media is a growing concern. Even very young children in our society get a big daily dose of television, video games and music lyrics. While such media can provide education and entertainment, they can also damage children.